Impact of climate change

According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Africa is one of the lowest contributors to greenhouse gas emissions causing climate change, yet key development sectors have already experienced widespread losses and damages attributable to human-induced climate change, including biodiversity loss, water shortages, reduced food production, loss of lives and reduced economic growth (high confidence).

Limiting global warming to 1.5°C is expected to substantially reduce damages to African economies, agriculture, human health, and ecosystems compared to higher levels of global warming.

Mitigation and Adaptation

Liberia has a unique biodiversity and potential for climate change mitigation and adaptation. Liberia contains 7.5 million ha of lowland tropical forest, including two important massifs of forest in the southeast (evergreen lowland forest) and in the northwest (semi-deciduous mountainous forest). Altogether, Liberia’s forests constitute 43 percent of the remaining Upper Guinean Forest of West Africa - a global biodiversity hotspot - and cover approximately 69 percent of Liberia’s total land surface as of 2019.

Liberia’s forest and coastal resources are increasingly at risk due to recurrent droughts, rising sea levels, and deforestation. The deforestation rate was estimated at 0.46 percent per year for the period 2005 - 2015. This poses grave consequences for economic development and food security. The unsustainable exploitation of natural resources increasingly demonstrates that Liberia, along with all nations, would benefit by embracing sustainable nature-based solutions. 

Liberia has:

  7.5M Hectares of Low Land Tropical Forest

  43 percent of the remaining Upper Guinean Forest of West Africa

  69 percent of Liberia’s total land surface is forest as of 2019

  0.46 percent deforestation rate per year from 2005 - 2015

Climate Action and Sustainable Development



McDonald Street - Monrovia, Liberia